Farmers and their ag retail advisors have become increasingly aware of the value of having a well-designed nutrient management plan for both individual fields and the overall farm, including pastures. A recent initiative embraced by many is the 4R approach – using the right source of nutrients in the right rate, right time, and right place. Farmers with manure to spread are following guidance on timing and methods which reduce manure runoff from fields. Some are composting manure to make more effective use of that nutrient resource. Integration of livestock into periodic or year-round grazing systems can also play a role in an overall nutrient management plan. Cover crops can help tie-up (sequester) nutrients, particularly nitrogen, that might leach out of the soil, and buffer strips can reduce nutrient runoff from fields during rainfall events.